This section provides a brief description of some of the critical approaches applicable to literary realism. The approaches do not necessarily exclude
one another, e.g. the general approach as expressed by this website incorporates both formalism, as well as
aesthetics and postmodern, post-structural and
reader-response theory. The most rewarding method is often to combine different forms of criticism; a single approach
will likely focus on certain aspects of a text and/or is characterised by particular perceptions or expectations, which means that in order to acquire
a broader understanding, like the attitudes of literary realism, one is best served with a combination of
perspectives. That said, a singular approach can sometimes reveal particulars that might otherwise be overlooked in a wider, combined approach.
The critical approaches I have chosen to include are formalism, reader-response theory, aesthetics, Marxist, post-structural and postmodern criticism. In conjunction with the last two, I have also included a brief description of contemporary anti-realism.